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What a joy to share the delicious food prepared by the family of Arturo's house in Flor de Kantuta. We had no problems feeding on quinoa in the soup and succulent trout with fried potato as a second, and then finishing our food with the famous muña.

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Pachamanca Tradional Food Pre - Inca

Souvenirs

The pachamanca is part of the heritage of our ancestors, the most representative of the Incas, an imposing meal that to this day represents us worldwide.

"Pacha" means "land" and "manka" means "pot". The pachamanca is better known as "olla de tierra". It is a delicious and traditional dish whose process has as main pillar the cooking of food by contact with hot stones inside a hole dug underground.

The pachamanca was a way of paying homage to the divinities of the Andean world, a subtle way of making a payment to the earth after what they called a good harvest.

Its history goes back to the Wari culture, between the years 500 and the 1,100 AD, which the Incas continued after the 13th century. They honored the fertility of the earth by consuming what they had cooked in a hole in the earth. All this was carried out in the midst of rites and celebrations. traditional food

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Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca
Lake Titicaca on the Andes from Bolivia.jpg

View of the lake from the lake's & Islands

Amantani[edit]

Amantani island as seen from Taquile island

Amantani is another small island on Lake Titicaca populated by Quechua speakers. About 4,000 people live in ten communities on the roughly circular 15 square kilometers (6 sq mi) island. There are two mountain peaks, called Pachatata (Father Earth) and Pachamama (Mother Earth), and ancient ruins on the top of both peaks. The hillsides that rise up from the lake are terraced and planted with wheatpotatoes, and vegetables. Most of the small fields are worked by hand. Long stone fences divide the fields, and cattle and sheep graze on the hillsides.

Taquile is a hilly island located 45 kilometers east of Puno. It is narrow and long and was used as a prison during the Spanish Colony and into the 20th century. In 1970 it became property of the Taquile people, who have inhabited the island since then (current population around 2,200). The taquiean Island is 5.5 by 1.6 km in size (maximum measurements), with an area of 5.72 km². The highest point of the island is 4,050 meters above sea level and the main village is at 3,950 m. Pre-Inca ruins are found on the highest part of the island, and agricultural terraces on hillsides. From the hillsides of Taquile you have a view over the white snow tops of the Bolivian mountains. The inhabitants, known as Taquileños, are southern Quechua speakers.

Culture is very much alive on Taquile, which can be seen in the traditional clothes everyone wears. Taquile is especially known for its handicraft tradition which is regarded as among the highest quality handicrafts not only in Peru but in the world. "Taquile and Its Textile Art" were honored by being proclaimed "Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity" by UNESCO. Knitting is exclusively performed by males, starting at age eight. The women exclusively make yarn and weave.

Coordinates 15°45′S 69°25′WCoordinates15°45′S 69°25′W
Type Mountain lake
Primary inflows 27 rivers
Primary outflows Desaguadero River
Evaporation
Catchment area 58,000 km2(22,400 sq mi)[1]
Basin countries Bolivia
Peru
Max. length 190 km (118 mi)
Max. width 80 km (50 mi)
Surface area 8,372 km2 (3,232 sq mi)[1]
Average depth 107 m (351 ft)[1]
Max. depth 281 m (922 ft)[1]
Water volume 893 km3 (214 cu mi)[1]
Residence time 1343 years[1]
Shore length1 1,125 km (699 mi)[1]
Surface elevation 3,812 m (12,507 ft)[1]
Frozen never[1]
Islands 42+ (see article)
Sections/sub-basins Wiñaymarka
Settlements Copacabana, Bolivia
Puno, Peru
References [1]
Official name Lago Titicaca
Designated 20 January 1997
Reference no. 881[2]
Official name Lago Titicaca
Designated 11 September 1998
Reference no. 959[3]
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Lake Titicaca (SpanishLago TiticacaQuechuaTitiqaqa Qucha) is a large, deep lake in the Andes on the border of Bolivia and Peru, often called the "highest navigable lake" in the world. By volume of water and by surface area, it is the largest lake in South America.[4][5][6] Lake Maracaibo has a larger surface area, but it is a tidal bay, not a lake.

Lake Titicaca has a surface elevation of 3,812 metres (12,507 ft).[7][8] The "highest navigable lake" claim is generally considered to refer to commercial craft. Numerous smaller bodies of water around the world are at higher elevations.[9] For many years the largest vessel afloat on the lake was the 2,200-ton, 79-metre (259 ft) SS Ollanta. Today the largest vessel is most likely the similarly sized train barge/float Manco Capac, operated by PeruRail.

Other cultures lived on Lake Titicaca prior to the arrival of the Incas. In 2000, a team of international archaeologists found the ruins of an underwater temple, thought to be between 1,000 and 1,500 years old, perhaps built by the Tiwanaku people. The ruins have been measured to be 200 meters by 50 meters (656.2 feet by 164 feet).

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